Different Opening Borders
Abstract: During China’s
history, there were two times of opening borders, but they are completely
different. This passage generally contrasts their backgrounds, reasons and
First Opening Borders
times, many poets would like to regard the dragon as a symbol of China. In
Chinese’s philosophy, the dragon is the strongest creature and a giant, which
can do everything, even that which is beyond people’s imagination.
Indeed, China, which used
to receive other nation’s tributes, was one of the strongest giants in the
world nearly one thousand years ago. However, it is almost a truism that an
empire will fall from the peak of its prosperity. From the Ming Dynasty onward,
the empires refused to communicate with other nations. There were several
reasons, one of which was that they feared foreigners, especially the Japanese
would endanger their reign. The other reason was that they thought China had the
ability to produce everything it needed and therefore there was no need to
trade. They were too blind to see the trend that capitalism would replace feudalism
and form a new world. At the same time as China
was inebriated with the exterior prosperity, the western countries and Japan spared no
effort to develop new technology and new cultures to adjust to a new system.
The Industrial Revolution greatly improved their productivity and China quickly fell
As we all know,
capitalism is a system that always seeks for new markets and resources. Inevitably,
China changed into colony of
some western countries and Japan,
was almost a heaven in capitalists’ eyes because it had abundant resources and
great marketing potential. So sharp-sighted capitalists didn’t
hesitate a minute to suborn their kings and queens to open the door of China with
military power. At this time, China’s imperial government
declared opium trading illegal and punished those who bought and sold opium. Indubitably,
this offered an excellent excuse and opportunity for the kings and queens. So
they declared war with China
at once, first Britain, then
then other nations. China, was
defeated by modern arms, and was forced to sign the Treaty of
Nanjing (1842) and the British Supplementary
Treaty of the Bogue (1843). After that, China gradually became a land of
colonies. Other nations threatened China with modern arms to gain more
wealth. Cannons, cheap textile and Cross opened Chinese closed doors gradually.
These were the
general background and reasons why China first opened its borders. It
had the following impacts:
Ⅰ China was exploited endlessly by western countries.
As a result, China
gradually became their colony. It lost countless treasures.
Ⅱ Most of
the Chinese lived under a cruel condition. The trade with foreigners brought
limited wealth to Chinese.
conflict between the Chinese and invaders became the most aculeate, replacing
the conflict between dominator and dumb millions.
IV Christianity was popular among some
V It also accelerates the collapse of feudalism.
The Second Opening Borders
China won the
independence after it drove out the invaders. However, it wandered on the
developing path because it couldn’t find a suitable way to develop itself. On
one hand, it feared that western countries might threaten the new socialist
country. On the other hand, it was not conscious of itself and the world and
ignored the necessity of connecting with others. Instead, it adopted a way of
constructing itself. Then, when some Asian countries were developing quickly
with help investments by western countries, a disaster: the Cultural Revolution,
happened, this ancient land. This big mistake let some intelligent people look
back the way that China
had experienced and considered any other practical ways. Then a giant who was
only 1 point 62 meters tall stood at the key point of history, declaring that China need to
open its borders to foreigners. His name was Deng Xiaoping, a man as great as
Chairman Mao in this century. He analyzed the circumstance all around the world
and criticized the idea that China
had no need to communicate with others. We generally think an important
conference in 1978 marked the beginning of China’s opening borders. First, China opened
some cities along the coastline. Then, it opened all the cities along
coastline. At last, all land around China opened to foreigners. Our
policy welcomed the investment and encouraged the culture communication.
Hundreds of thousands of investors rushed to this land which is, after all, the
world largest market. China
doesn’t let them regret and China
also gets tremendous benefits from this measure. This old and mysterious land
seized the last precious opportunity in 20th century, refreshing
again and receiving spectacular harvests. Humiliations that China suffered before
were washed away. This time of opening borders can be regarded as another
revolution that has taken place in China without the sacrifice of
blood and lives. But it is even a bigger challenge for us, as it requires great
courage and exertion.
This time China has the following harvests:
quickly developed into a leading world economy and is influencing
every part of the world.
Chinese benefit a lot from this. The foreign companies
provide them huge numbers of jobs；Chinese
have the chance to buy productions from all over the world and be exposed to
the world’s most advanced technology and the newest fashions.
China learns a lot from other cultures and this helps China to become
a more modern world.
We can see that
the two times of opening borders have quite a lot of differences. They happened
at different time. The first was forced to open; the latter was not. But the
most important of all, they have different results.